Welcome to the Centre for General Education!


About General Education (GenEd)

During the Curriculum Renewal Project, it was envisioned that the curriculum and pedagogy at DUT must be intentionally designed to prepare our graduates for employment, while simultaneously preparing them for critical citizenship in an emergent and still fragile democracy. The introduction of General Education (GenEd) into the DUT curriculum was a key initiative of the strategic project on Curriculum Renewal which aimed to provide students with the general knowledge and skills necessary to actively participate in discourses that shape local, national, professional, and global communities.


The main responsibility of the Centre for General Education is to ensure that the principles and philosophy on which General Education was introduced into all DUT qualifications is realised to its full potential. The Centre is responsible for overseeing the delivery of 30 Institutional General Education (IGE) modules across the seven delivery sites of DUT.


The primary objective of the various modules offered by the Centre for General Education is to develop our students to be more reflective about their beliefs and choices, more self-conscious and critical of their presuppositions and motivations, more perceptive of the world around them, and more informed about the issues that arise in their lives, personally, professionally, and socially. The underpinning humanistic and transformative philosophy of our teaching approach provides the students with an opportunity to critically engage with contemporary issues and debates and to reflect on issues of citizenship and social justice. Its goals are to help students think critically, develop values, understand traditions, respect diverse cultures and opinions, and most importantly, put that knowledge to use.


Aims of General Education at DUT

  1. To build a student-centred educational experience embedded in the local context.
  2. To prepare students for an increasingly diverse and complex globalised work environment.
  3. To cultivate an engaged and critical citizenry in the context of an emerging and fragile democracy in an ever-changing world order.



The Centre for General Education is responsible for:

  • Effective delivery of the IGE modules residing in the Centre.
  • Promoting the underpinning humanistic and transformative philosophy of GenEd by ensuring that module delivery provides the students with an opportunity to critically engage with contemporary issues and debates and to reflect on issues of citizenship and social justice.
  • Promoting Research in high impact practices in Teaching, Learning and Assessment aligned to transformative education pedagogy.
  • Development of new IGE GenEd modules that will contribute to the Envision 2030 Strategy.
  • Ensuring the development and implementation of department and faculty based GenEd modules are aligned with the approved institutional guidelines, and GenEd requirements.
  • Development of policies in relation to GenEd where applicable.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation of the implementation of General Education in collaboration with the Centre for Quality Promotion and Assurance (CQPA).


GenEd staff



Dr Juliet Ramohai

Position: Head of Department and Senior Lecturer (DBN Campus)
Courses Teaching: World of Work 101
Research Interests: Gender identities in education; specifically, black women in higher education: access and successful participation in institutions of higher learning, mobility into leadership positions, and their success. Behavioural challenges for the girl child in residential youth care centres (specifically adolescents) and the support needed for their successful reintegration into communities.
Email: NthunaR@dut.ac.za    


Dr Anusharani Sewchurran

Position: Lecturer (PMB Campus)
Courses Teaching: Cornerstone 101; Equality and Diversity 101
Research Interests: Political economy of media; Digital humanities and 4IR; Decoloniality; Afrofuturism and contextual Archiving.
Email: AnusharaniS@dut.ac.za


Dr Benita Bobo

Position: Lecturer (DBN Campus)
Courses Teaching: Cornerstone 101, Gender Studies 101
Research Interests: Community Engagement in Higher Education; Community Development; Community Psychology; Gender Studies; Education; Social Justice; Transformative Learning
Email: AzolaB@dut.ac.za


Dr Dumile Gumede

Position: Lecturer (DBN Campus)
Courses Teaching: Cornerstone 101
Research Interests: Family relationships; African culture; Sexual behaviours; Sustainable livelihoods; Self-care; Student support
Email: DumileG@dut.ac.za


Mariah Naidoo

Position: Admin Assistant (DBN Campus)
Email: MariahN@dut.ac.za

Dr Nosipho Makhakhe

Position: Senior Lecturer (DBN Campus)
Courses Teaching: Cornerstone 101, Basics of Geopolitics 101
Research Interests: Social scientist and health promotion specialist. Intervention mapping and implementation, community participatory research, HIV research among key and vulnerable populations (sex workers, men who have sex with men, long distance truck drivers, adolescent girls and young women).
Email: NosiphoM8@dut.ac.za


Siyabonga Shangase

Position: Admin Assistant (PMB Campus)
Email: SiyabongaS3@dut.ac.za


Zandile Masango-Muzindutsi

Position: Lecturer (DBN Campus)
Courses Teaching: Cornerstone 101
Research Interests: Public mental health interventions; Social justice and social integration; Community psychology; Participatory research; Positive psychology
Email: ZandileM5@dut.ac.za


The Centre for General Education is responsible for the delivery of the Institutional General Education Modules listed below. Other General Education Modules are serviced by other departments within DUT. A list of these modules can be found below:

The following Institutional General Education Modules are delivered by the Centre:


Basics of Geopolitics (BGEP101)


The aim of this module is to provide students with the geopolitical skills and knowledge needed to succeed in a global world both academically, professionally and personally.


Topics included in the Basics of Geopolitics module include:

  • Basics Concepts of Geopolitics (Power, Space, and Time)
  • The North-South Perspective
  • The East-West Perspective
  • The Fight for Resources
  • The Role of Religions
  • Bombs and Guns
  • The New Giants
  • Beyond Planet Earth


Cornerstone (CSTN101)


Students in this module will learn  how  to  share  their  knowledge  and  participate  in  the  community of higher education, with values and practices that promote self-awareness, social justice and environmental awareness.


Topics covered in the Cornerstone module include:


  • Issues of Identity
  • The journey
  • Gender
  • Skills needed within a university
  • Values


Equality and Diversity (EQDV101)


The purpose of this module is to enable students to appreciate diversity in self, others and society, and to participate in the development of equality and mutual respect in their communities. The impact of prejudice, stereotypes and discrimination is described in relation to individual development and social harmony. Socio-historical and legal frameworks related to equality and diversity are outlined to enable agency in students.


Gender Studies (GNST101)


The Gender Studies module is a service-learning module that seeks to develop knowledge, skills, attitudes and values, which promote equity and equality in society and the workplace, in accordance with human rights provisions of the South African Constitution and other local, regional and international commitments.  

Learning outcomes

  • Examine gender as a social construct
  • Describe the intersection of gender, socio-economic factors and cultural practices
  • Critically analyse the portrayal of women in the media
  • Identify ways in which to promote positive working relationships based on equity and respect


Leadership (LDSH101)


The aim of this module is develop students with a critical and informed understanding of leadership, and with skills that enable them to understand and take  ethical  leadership  in  a  variety  of  contexts,  including  within  the institution.

Topics included in the Leadership module include:

  • Negotiation of ground rules
  • Developing of questions and goals for learning
  • Existing experience of leadership
  • Basic concepts and theories of leadership
  • Preparing for community engagement
  • Case studies of leadership – engagement with leaders from different context



Restorative Justice (RSJS101)


The purpose of the module is to equip students with knowledge and skills to contribute to a peaceful, non-violent society.


On completion of this module, the student will be able to:

  • Explain the concept of restoration, and compare a restorative approach to the retributive approach
  • Describe the indigenous and spiritual roots of restorative approaches
  • Identify and describe restorative philosophy and various restorative practices
  • Evaluate the appropriateness of a restorative approach in the South African context
  • Demonstrate a restorative approach to situations of conflict



Violence and Non-Violence (VNVL101)


The purpose of this module is to develop students’ awareness of self and society through engaging with text and lived experiences related to violence and nonviolence. It is also to  develop  students’  practice  of  critical  and  engaged  citizenry;  to  challenge  the  ways  in  which  violence  serves  to  deepen  inequality  between  social  groups,  in  particular  between  men  and  women;  to  develop  students’  understanding  of  the  nature,  extent  and  causes  of  violence;  and  to  enable  students  to  become  active  leaders  for  nonviolence within their roles as students and citizens.


World of Work (WWRK101)


The aim of this module is to ensure that our graduates are not only skilled professionals in their chosen area  of  study  but  also  broadly  educated  and  well-rounded  local  and  global  citizens. This module is designed to introduce and develop non-technical  working  related  competencies  and  values  within  students  in  order  to  facilitate  easier  adapting  to  the  workplace  in  Work  Integrated  Learning (WIL) placements, and/or their future careers.


Topics included in the World of Work module include:


  • Traditional and Modern CV Writing
  • Who am I? (DISC, MBTI etc.)
  • Job Searching
  • Job Applications
  • Networking
  • Interviewing
  • Body Language
  • Verbal Communication
  • Visual /Graphical Presentation
  • What Is “Business”

Publications and Research

Dr. Anusharani Sewchurran (née Govender)    




































Sewchurran, A., (2022). A cautious celebration: interrogating Ryan Coogler’s Black Panther as a work of Afrofuturism and Capital. In Special Edition – Alternation.  (in press)  


Sewchurran, A., (2022). Black Panther: a reception analysis. Image and Text.  (in press)


David, K., and Sewchurran, A. 2022. Disruptive Technology: An Enabler to Support the Rehabilitation of Survivors in Post Conflict Societies. In Murithi, T., and Roestenburg-Morgan, I. Eds. Survivor-Centred Justice: Global Perspectives and Issues. Routledge (in press)


Pannach, F., Sporleder, C., May, W., Krishnan, A. and Sewchurran, A., 2021. Of lions and Yakshis. Semantic Web, 12 (2), pp.219-239.   


Sewchurran, A. and Hofmeyr, B., 2020. A critical reflection on digital disruption in journalism and journalism education. Acta Academica: Critical views on society, culture and politics, 52(2), pp.181-203.  


Sewchurran, A. and Pannach, F., 2020. Negotiating the possibilities digital humanities offers Media and Cultural Studies for Crisis Communication Adjustments in the time of COVID-19. In Learner and subject at the dawn of research-led teaching and learning in the time of COVID-19. Smit, J.A., Ndimande-Hlongwa, N., Mkhize, N., and Ramrathan, L. Eds. CSSALL publishers: Durban. 48-75. 


Sewchurran, A. 2017. Digital divide, data trash and the commodification of information: discourses around the digital divide, Nelson, O., Salawu, A. and Ojebuyi, B.R. (eds) Impacts of the media on African socio-economic development, IGI-Global.  


Sewchurran, A. 2017. Digital archiving as dance pedagogy. Conference proceedings, Confluences 9: Deciphering decolonisation in Dance Pedagogy in the 21st century, Cape Town. 12-14th July 2017. 


Sewchurran, A. 2015. An elephant in sheep’s clothing? South Africa’s experience of Freedom of Information, Felle, Tom and Mair, John (eds) Freedom Fighters or Lazy Journalism? Critical reflections on freedom of information, Bury St Edmonds: Abramis 


Govender, A. 2009. Community Radio in KZN: an idealized public sphere, Hyde-Clarke, Nathalie (ed.) Citizen Journalism and Alternative Avenues of Communication, Claremont: Juta

Maskanda and the Professor. (2023) Directed by Kathryn Olsen. [Documentary] Durban: NIHSS/DUT/UKZN/UNIZUL. (Sewchurran A: Researcher)



Dr Benita Bobo             













B Bobo (2021). How to determine the role of community engagement in student development: Formulating a research project proposal to answer this question. In J Bezerra, C Paterson & S Paphitis (eds). Challenging the apartheids of knowledge in higher education through social innovation. pp. 24 – 44. African Sun Media: South Africa.


B Bobo & J Akhurst (2019). “Most importantly, it’s like the partner takes more interest in us”: using Ubuntu as a fundamental ethic of Community Engagement partnerships at Rhodes University. Alternation Special Edition 27, pp. 88 – 110.   


B Bobo (2017). A participant-focused sociological analysis of Beedz, a Grahamstown skills training project for women, using a Third World Feminist perspective. Journal For New Generation Sciences 15(1), pp. 36 – 50.   

B Bobo & Z Masango-Muzindutsi (2022). Using a transformative learning pedagogy remotely: Reflections of early career academics in the context of COVID-19. In R. Govender & A. Jacobs (Eds.) Critical Reflections on Professional Learning During COVID-19: Context, Practice and Change (pp. 275 – 288). https://doi.org/10.51415/DUT.48

B Bobo & J Akhurst (2022). “Okokuqala ngokuya ndandiqala kwakungekho easy”: Feeling empowered to take collective action through community engagement. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 1– 11. https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2659

J Akhurst, L Wilbraham, L Saville Young & B Bobo (2022), “Case Studies of Community-Based Service Learning in Honors Psychology at Rhodes University, South Africa”, Sengupta, E. and Blessinger, P. (Ed.) International Case Studies in Service Learning (Innovations in Higher Education Teaching and Learning, Vol. 47), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 11-26. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2055-364120220000047002



Dr Dumile Gumede           








































Dumile Gumede, Nothando B. Ngwenya, Stella Namukwaya, Sarah Bernays & Janet Seeley. (2019). A reflection on ethical and methodological challenges of using separate interviews with adolescent-older carer dyads in rural South Africa. BMC Medical Ethics, 20:47       Busisiwe Nkosi, Janet Seeley, Nothando Ngwenya, Lerato Mchunu,


Dumile Gumede, Jane Ferguson, & Aoife M. Doyle. (2019). Exploring adolescents and young people’s candidacy for utilising health services in a rural district, South Africa. BMC Health Services Research, 19:195 Virginia Bond, Fredrick Ngwenya, Emma Murray, Nothando Ngwenya, Lario Viljoen,


Dumile Gumede, Bwalya Chiti, Jabulile Mantantana, Graeme Hoddinott, Peter J. Dodd, Helen Ayles, Musonda Simwinga, Sandra Wallman, & Janet Seeley. (2018). Value and limitations of Broad Brush Surveys used in Community-Randomized Trials in Southern Africa. Qualitative Health Research, 00(0), 1-19 


Perriat, D., Plazy, M., Gumede, D., Boyer, S., Pillay, D., Dabis, F., Seeley, J., & Orne-Gliemann, J. (2018). “If you are here at the clinic, you do not know how many people need help in the community.”: perspectives of home-based HIV services from health care workers in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa in the era of Universal Test-and-Treat. PLoS ONE, 13(11)


Harling, G., Gumede, D., Shahmanesh, M., Pillay, D., Bärnighausen, T., & Tanser, F. (2018). Sources of social support and sexual behaviour advice for young adults in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. BMJ Global Health, 3(6), e000955


Ngwenya, N., Gumede, D., McGrath, N., Shahmanesh, M., Grant, A., & Seeley, J. (2018). Community perceptions of the socio-economic structural context influencing HIV and TB risk, prevention and treatment in a high prevalence area of HIV in the era of antiretroviral therapy. African Journal of AIDS Research, 17(1): 72–81.


Plazy, M., Perriat, D., Gumede, D., Boyer, S., Pillay, D., Dabis, F., Seeley, J., & Orne-Gliemann, J. (2017). Implementing universal HIV treatment in a high HIV prevalence and rural South African setting – field experiences and recommendations of health care providers. PLoS ONE, 12(11)


Harling, G., Gumede, D., Mutevedzi, T., McGrath, N., Seeley, J., Pillay, D., Bärnighausen, T., & Herbst, K. (2017). The impact of self-interviews on response patterns for sensitive topics: a randomized trial of electronic delivery methods for a sexual behaviour questionnaire in rural South Africa. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 17(125)


Gumede, P.R., du Plessis, G., & Gumede, D. (2013). The psychosocial needs of teenagers orphaned by HIV and AIDS: a qualitative study in KwaZulu-Natal. The Social Work Practitioner-Researcher, 25(1): 79-95




Dr Juliet Ramohai         






























Ramohai, J. 2013. Towards a social sustainability in higher education: enhancing students’ solidarity and togetherness through collaborative projects in racially diverse learning environments. Journal of Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa, Special edition. 9(3): 430 – 445.


Ramohai, J. 2014. ‘Marginalised Access’ in South African Higher Education: Black women academics speak! Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(20): 2976 – 2985


Alexander, G., Ramohai, J. & Van Staden, A. 2014. Why Did It Happen to Us? Confronting the Individualisation of Racism in a Historically White Afrikaans Institution of Higher Learning. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(23)


Ramohai, J & Marumo K.  2016. Women in Senior Positions in South African Higher Education: A reflection on Voice and Agency. Alternation. 23, (1): 135 – 157


Alexander, G., Ramohai, J. & Ramoruti, M. 2017.   Teacher and Parental Views Regarding Learner Motivation in a Rural School Setting of Lesotho.  African Journal of Pedagogy and Curriculum. 3(1) 


Ramohai, J.  2019. Women in senior management positions at South African universities: their movement in, out and across institutions. Gender in Management: An International Journal. 34(3): 217 – 232 (https://doi.org/10.1108/GM-10-2017-0138)


Ramohai, J.  2019. A black woman’s perspective in understanding transformation and diversity in South African higher education. Transformation in Higher Education. 4(0):

Ramohai, J. An argument for psychosocial support for women leaders in residential youth care centres in South Africa (under review)

Abiolu, R., Ramohai, J., & Linganiso, L. 2022. Reformatting educational priorities within online learning in South Africa in view of Covid-19. In George Fomunyam and Sibusiso Moyo (Eds). Theorising Research, Innovation and  Internationalisation in  African  Higher  Education  Institutions.  Sense Publishers (forthcoming)

Ramohai, J & Holtzhausen S. (2022). Academic women departmental heads’ coping mechanisms during COVID-19: A capabilities approach perspective. Perspectives in Education, 40(4): 89 – 103. http://dx.doi.org/10.38140/pie.v40i4.6190  

Potgieter, C. & Ramohai, J. (Guest editors). 2022. HTS Special Collection on Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want – Perspectives from Gender Justice, Health and Human Development (GJHHD), 78(2) https://hts.org.za/index.php/hts/issue/archive 

Ramohai, J. (2023). A reflection on the lived experiences and support for women leaders in residential youth care centres. Journal of Education Studies (Accepted for publication)

Patrick, R.T.I & Ramohai, N.J. (2023). Coping with academic and family expectations during Covid-19: perspectives of selected Durban University of Technology female students. African Journal of Gender, Society and Development (AJGSD). (Accepted for publication)


Dr Nosipho Makhakhe
























Makhakhe, N. F., MeyerWeitz, A., & Sliep, Y. (2022). Motivating factors associated with oral pre-exposure prophylaxis use among female sex workers in South Africa. Journal of Health Psychology, 13591053211072674.


Sliep, Y., Makhakhe, N. Ngcongo, S & Calmes, B. (2021) Working with life stories for       transformation. In Kagan, C., Lawthom, R., Zambrano, A. X. Z., Inzunza, J.A.A., Richards, M. & Akhurst, J. Handbook of community psychology: resistance, hope and possibilities. Routledge Publishers, Oxfordshire, England. ISBN 9780367344153


Makhakhe, N. F., Meyer-Weitz, A., Struthers, H., & McIntyre, J. (2019). The role of health and advocacy organisations in assisting female sex workers to gain access to health care in South Africa. BMC health services research19(1), 1-9.


Makhakhe, N.F., Grasso, M., Maleke, K., Struthers, H., McIntyre, J., Lane, T., (2018). The methodological and practical concerns of conducting an integrated bio-behavioral survey with female sex workers. East African Journal of Applied Health Monitoring and Evaluation,


Makhakhe, N. F., Lane, T., McIntyre, J., & Struthers, H. (2017). Sexual transactions between long distance truck drivers and female sex workers in South Africa. Global Health Action10(1), 1346164.


Maleke, K., Makhakhe, N., Peters, R. P., Jobson, G., De Swardt, G., Daniels, J., … & Struthers, H. (2017). HIV risk and prevention among men who have sex with men in rural South Africa. African Journal of AIDS Research16(1), 31-38.

Makhakhe, N. F., Sliep, Y., & Meyer-Weitz, A. (2022). “Whatever is in the ARVs, is Also in the PrEP” Challenges Associated With Oral Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Use Among Female Sex Workers in South Africa. Frontiers in Public Health, 10.


Zandile Masango-Muzindutsi     
















Horwood, C., Haskins, L., Alfers, L., Masango-Muzindutsi, Z., Dobson, R., and Rollins, N. 2019. A descriptive study to explore working conditions and child care practices among informal women workers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: Identifying opportunities to support childcare for mothers in informal work. BMC Pediatrics, 19 (382).        


Masango-Muzindutsi, Z., Haskins, L., Wilford, A., and Horwood, C. 2018. Using an action learning methodology to develop skills of health managers: Experiences from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. BMC Health Services Research, 18 (907). Jama, N.A., Wilford, A.,


Masango, Z., Haskins, L., Coutsoudis, A., Spies, L. and Horwood, C. 2017. Enablers and barriers to success among mothers planning to exclusively breastfeed for six months: A qualitative prospective cohort study in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. International Breastfeeding Journal, 12 (43): 1-13. 


Muzindutsi, P.F. and Masango, Z. 2015. Determinants of leisure satisfaction among undergraduate students at a South African university. International Journal of Business and Management Studies, 7 (1-2): 32-47.

B Bobo & Z Masango-Muzindutsi (2022). Using a transformative learning pedagogy remotely: Reflections of early career academics in the context of COVID-19. In R. Govender & A. Jacobs (Eds.) Critical Reflections on Professional Learning During COVID-19: Context, Practice and Change (pp. 275 – 288). https://doi.org/10.51415/DUT.48